Silicon Carbide Applications

Silicon carbide is an advanced ceramic that is known for being strong, lightweight, chemically inert and widely used in automotive applications and bulletproof vests.

Edward Goodrich Acheson successfully synthesized it artificially for the first time in 1891 using powdered coke and carbon as raw materials, using powdered coke as the starting material and carbon powder as its raw material. Moissanite occurs naturally as an opaque mineral known as Moissanitite which was discovered by Nobel prize-winning chemist Henri Moissan in Canyon Diablo in Arizona.


Silicon carbide could provide a solution to automotive industry pressure to create more energy-efficient, reliable, and eco-friendly vehicles. Silicon carbide offers potential to meet these challenges by improving power management in electric vehicles (EVs). Silicon carbide has higher critical electric field strength than traditional silicon-based devices resulting in reduced power losses and power MOSFET/IGBT production costs.

Silicon carbide (chemical formula: SiC) is an industrially produced synthetic material with the highest hardness among natural and synthetic materials – it ranks 9 on Mohs scale, just behind diamond. Production first began in 1891 by Edward Acheson while trying to produce artificial diamonds when he found small black crystals in an electrically heated melt of carbon and silica that he ground into powder for use as industrial abrasives and ceramics. Refractories benefit greatly from silicon carbide’s superior qualities of high hardness, low density, low thermal expansion rate and chemical attack resistance from acidic environments compared with its counterparts – especially acidic chemicals such as corrosion.

Material characteristics that make ceramic highly beneficial include being one of the strongest and abrasive available materials, making it perfect as both an abrasive material and component for bulletproof vests. Furthermore, its hardness, toughness and strength have been improved through sintering which involves compacting powder under high temperatures to form dense ceramic materials used in manufacturing car brakes, clutches and bulletproof vest plates.

Silicon carbide finds most widespread application in semiconductor electronics, where its ability to withstand higher temperatures, voltages and frequencies than silicon-based devices has earned it the nickname “next silicon.” What sets silicon carbide apart from other semiconducing materials is a quantum mechanical phenomenon known as wide band gap.

Silicon carbide’s wide band gap allows it to conduct electricity more effectively than silicon, enabling it to work at much higher temperatures without losing efficiency or reliability. Indeed, some silicon-based chips cannot operate beyond 300deg C; hence reducing active cooling systems’ associated costs, complexity, and weight.


Silicon carbide is widely utilized for aerospace applications due to its hardness, heat resistance, chemical inertness and thermal shock tolerance. Furthermore, silicon carbide’s chemically inert nature allows it to avoid corrosion problems while its hardness makes it ideally suited for use in Schottky barrier diodes and MOSFETs that produce high breakdown voltages with minimal turn-on resistance in electronics devices such as power devices like Schottky barrier diodes or MOSFETs that produce higher breakdown voltages at lower turn-on resistance than competing materials used.

As its density is half that of titanium or steel, its lightweight yet rigid composition make it an attractive material for aircraft parts. Furthermore, its resistance to space radiation makes it suitable for mirrors and structural components of spacecraft.

Silicon carbide boasts impressive strength, wear resistance, temperature stability and electrical conductivity – which makes it a key component in semiconductor devices enabling high frequencies and fast switching speeds. Silicon carbide market growth is forecasted rapidly due to rising demand in various sectors of the economy for this material.

Silicon carbide has become one of the most ubiquitous automotive applications of silicon carbide in ceramic-matrix composite (CMC) brake discs found on many performance vehicles. Silicon carbide increases its toughness and thermal stability for maximum durability and performance at higher temperatures.

Silicon carbide production uses numerous advanced technologies. Reaction-bonded silicon carbide (RB-SiC), for instance, is formed by mixing powdered silicon and carbon with plasticizer, molding it into desired shapes before burning off any remaining plasticizer and firing. Reaction-bonded SiC features excellent machinability as well as thermal properties.

Surface micromachining (SMM) has long been used as a process to quickly machine metal parts using conventional tools such as saws, drills and grinders. But its production can be time consuming and costly for large parts due to sintering’s time consuming and costly process as well as its difficult etching and grinding operations – thus slowing production down significantly. Therefore, in order to facilitate production faster than before a new method known as surface micromachining has been created in order to accelerate this production cycle.

Washington Mills manufactures CARBOREX(r) silicon carbide in various chemistries and sizes to suit a range of industries, with our expert team available to show you all its possibilities.


Silicon Carbide (SiC) is an extremely durable ceramic material with the highest tensile strength and melting point among all advanced ceramic materials, making it suitable for high performance engineering applications involving extreme conditions. SiC can be found in applications including pump bearings, sandblasting injectors, valves and heating elements – in high pressure/high temperature environments like oil/gas drilling operations it even offers corrosion resistance better than metal counterparts!

SiC is rapidly emerging as an important base material for electronics. SiC’s wide bandgap material has electronic bandgaps ranging from 2.4 to 3.3 eV (compared with silicon’s 1.1eV bandgap). Each crystal polytype of SiC possesses different physical properties; however only three (3C and 4H) are suitable for electron devices due to their stability at high temperatures.

SiC is quickly emerging as one of the most exciting electronics applications for electric vehicles (EVs). Battery management systems use highly sensitive components that convert and allocate various voltages necessary to power window lifters, lighting fixtures and propulsion motors – this complex task requires fast, efficient and dependable SiC technology for optimal results.

As electric motors generate significant heat, operating at elevated temperatures can present an additional challenge to battery management systems. SiC semiconductors are an ideal choice for these high-voltage power electronics as they can withstand much higher temperatures than their silicon counterparts while managing voltage surges with ease.

SiC is also ideal for use in electric vehicle battery chargers and inverters due to its ability to withstand high-frequency power surges, making this material the ideal material for managing power flows efficiently and quickly. These devices play a crucial role in overall battery efficiency as they affect how quickly and efficiently batteries charge while also determining their duration between charges.

As demand for electric vehicles (EVs) rises, so will demand for advanced battery management technologies. Silicon carbide-based EV designs may provide a major step forward; Silicon Labs already employs SiC in such isolated solutions for its own EV power designs.


Silicon carbide (SiC) technology is used extensively in energy applications due to its power efficiency, high voltage capacity and thermal conductivity properties. SiC is widely employed across electronics such as power electronics inverters for electric vehicle inverters (EV), battery management systems (BMS), solar PV modules and photovoltaic panels; SiC’s multiple benefits help drive decarbonization efforts and decrease dependence on coal and fossil fuels.

Silicon carbide’s wide bandgap semiconductor properties allow it to withstand higher temperatures and currents than silicon-based devices, and operate at higher frequencies and voltages than other materials compared with them. As a result, this material makes an excellent choice for applications such as electric vehicle inverters/charging stations/power supply systems for renewable energies such as wind/solar photovoltaic panels as well as railway transportation.

Silicon Carbide (SiC) is a crystalline material which occurs in various forms or polytypes, each possessing unique physical and electrical characteristics. Composed of silicon atoms covalently bonded to carbon atoms in a tetrahedral bonding structure, SiC is one of the hardest substances known to science – competing with diamond and boron carbide as one of the hardest known substances.

An endless number of stacking sequences may occur, leading to polytypes with cubic, hexagonal and rhombohedral crystal structures. They are generally grown epitaxially by chemical vapor deposition for precise control over epitaxial layer thickness as well as impurity doping.

Silicon carbide in its pure form behaves as an electrical insulator; however, controlled doping with impurities can change its electrical behavior to become a semiconductor. Doping silicon carbide with aluminum produces a p-type semiconductor while doping with phosphorus or nitrogen produces an N-type semiconductor.

Silicon Carbide’s special physical properties make it a highly desired mirror material for astronomical telescopes. Being hard and rigid, with low thermal expansion rates that withstand temperature extremes without expanding or contracting significantly. Furthermore, its rigidity prevents light diffraction making it ideal for reflecting telescope mirrors – first used by Herschel Space Telescope but since adopted by several observatories.

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